Stages of Gum Disease

Healthy Gums

  • Coral pink color
  • Gums hug teeth tightly
  • No bleeding
Photograph of Healthy Gums
Diagram of Healthy Gums

Gingivitis

  • Bleeding while brushing or during probing
  • Inflamed, sensitive gums
  • Possible bad breath and/or bad taste in mouth
Photograph of Gingivitis
Diagram of Gingivitis

Mild Periodontitis

  • More pronounced gingival bleeding, swelling
  • Gums may begin to pull away from teeth
  • Bad breath and/or bad taste in mouth
  • Pockets 3-4 mm deep
Photograph of Mild Periodontitis
Diagram of Mild Periodontitis

Moderate Periodontitis

  • Teeth may look longer due to gum recession
  • Gum boils or abscesses may develop
  • Possible bad breath and/or bad taste in mouth
  • Teeth may begin to drift and show spaces
  • Pockets 4-6 mm deep
Photograph of Moderate Periodontitis
Diagram of Mild Periodontitis

Advanced Periodontitis

  • Teeth may become mobile or loose
  • Constant bad breath and/or bad taste in mouth
  • Teeth sensitive due to exposed roots
  • Pockets >6 mm deep
  • Some teeth may be extracted (pulled)
Photograph of Advanced Periodontitis
Diagram of Advanced Periodontitis